Thursday, May 6, 2010


Cardiomyopathy literally means "heart muscle" (Myo= muscle, pathy= disease) It is the deterioration of the function of the myocardium (i.e., the actual heart muscle) for any reason. People with cardioyopathy are often at rick of arrhythmia and/or sudden cardiac death.

Extrinsic cardiomyopathies

These are cardiomyopathies where the primary pathology is outside the myocardium itself. Most cardiomyopathies are extrinsic, because by far the most common cause of a cardiomyopathy is ischemia. The World Health Organization calls these specific cardiomyopathies:

  • Congenital heart disease
  • Nutritional diseases
  • Ischemic (or non-ischaemic) cardiomyopathy
  • Hypertensive cardiomyopathy
  • Valvular cardiomyopathy
  • Inflammatory cardiomyopathy
  • Cardiomyopathy secondary to a systemic metabolic disease
  • Alcoholic cardiomyopathy
  • Diabetic cardiomyopathy
  • Restrictive cardiomyopathy

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